解析yii数据库的增删查改

时间:2018-07-26 05:14:07 浏览:
字体:T T T 杏仁黄 秋叶褐 胭脂红 芥末绿 天蓝 雪青 灰 银河白(默认色)
导读:本篇文章是对yii数据库增删查改进行了详细的分析介绍,需要的朋友参考下。

1. 存取数据库方法
存储第一种
存表时候用到
例子:

复制代码 代码如下:

$post=new Post;
$post->title='samplepost';
$post->content='content for thesample post';
$post->createTime=time();/$post->createTime=newCDbexpression_r('NOW()');
$post->save();
$user_field_data= new user_field_data;
$user_field_data->flag=0;
$user_field_data->user_id=$profile->id;
$user_field_data->field_id=$_POST['emailhiden'];
$user_field_data->value1=$_POST['email'];
$user_field_data->save();

注当一个表存储4次的时候,需要创建4个handle new4次

存储第二种
存储后我们需要找到这条记录的流水id 这样做 $profile = new profile;$profile->id;

存储第三种
用于更加安全的方法,来绑定变量类型 这样可以在同一个表中存储两个记录

复制代码 代码如下:

$sql="insert intouser_field_data(user_id,field_id,flag,value1)values(:user_id,:field_id,:flag,:value1);";
$command=user_field_data::model()->dbConnection->createCommand($sql);
$command->bindParam(":user_id",$profile->id,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":field_id",$_POST['firstnamehiden'],PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":flag",$tmpflag,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":value1",$_POST['firstname'],PDO::PARAM_STR);
$command->execute();
$command->bindParam(":user_id",$profile->id,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":field_id",$_POST['emailhiden'],PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":flag",$tmpflag,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":value1",$_POST['email'],PDO::PARAM_STR);
$rowchange =$command->execute();
if( $rowchange != 0){ 修改成功 }//用来判断
注:update delete都可以用这个方法
$sql="delete from profile whereid=:id";
$command=profile::model()->dbConnection->createCommand($sql);
$command->bindParam(":id",$userid,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$this->rowflag=$command->execute();
$sql="update profile setpass=:pass,role=:role where id=:id";
$command=profile::model()->dbConnection->createCommand($sql);
$command->bindParam(":pass",$password,PDO::PARAM_STR);
$command->bindParam(":role",$role,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$command->bindParam(":id",$userid,PDO::PARAM_INT);
$this->rowflag=$command->execute();
// 同理变更updateAll()模式
$sql="update user_field_data set flag =:flag where user_id= :user_id and field_id= :field_id ";
原始sql语句
$criteria = newCDbCriteria;
$criteria->condition ='user_id = :user_id and field_id= :field_id';
$criteria->params =array(':user_id' => $userid,':field_id'=> $fieldid);
$arrupdate = array('flag'=> $flag);
if(user_field_data::model()->updateAll($arrupdate,$criteria)!= 0)
{
更新成功后。。。
}

第四种更新和存储应用同一个handle 流程:
先查询记录是否存在,若存在就更新,不存在就新创建
注:1.第一次查询的变量,要跟save()前的变量一致。2.存储时候需要再次 new一下库对象
复制代码 代码如下:

$user_field_data =user_field_data::model()->findByAttributes(
$attributes = array('user_id'=>Yii::app()->user->user_id, 'field_id'=> $key));
if($user_field_data !== null)
{
$user_field_data->value1= $value;
$user_field_data->save();
}
else
{
$user_field_data= new user_field_data;
$user_field_data->user_id= Yii::app()->user->user_id;
$user_field_data->field_id= $key;
$user_field_data->value1= $value;
$user_field_data->save();
}

查询
注:当项目没查找到整个对象会为空需要这样判定
复制代码 代码如下:

if($rows !== null) 当对象不为空
{
returntrue;
}else{
returnfalse;
}
SELECT

读表时候用到
例子:
第一种find()
复制代码 代码如下:

// find thefirst row satisfying the specified condition
$post=Post::model()->find($condition,$params);
// find the row with postID=10
$post=Post::model()->find('postID=:postID',array(':postID'=>10));
同样的语句,用另种方式表示
$criteria=new CDbCriteria;
$criteria->select='title';// only select the 'title' column
$criteria->condition='postID=:postID';
$criteria->params=array(':postID'=>10);
$post=Post::model()->find($criteria);// $params is not needed

第二种find()
复制代码 代码如下:

$post=Post::model()->find(array(
'select'=>'title',
'condition'=>'postID=:postID',
'params'=>array(':postID'=>10),
));
// find the row with the specified primarykey
$post=Post::model()->findByPk($postID,$condition,$params);
// find the row with the specified attributevalues
$post=Post::model()->findByAttributes($attributes,$condition,$params);

示例:
第一种findByAttributes()
$checkuser= user_field_data::model()->findByAttributes(
array('user_id' =>Yii::app()->user->user_id, 'field_id'=> $fieldid));
第二种findByAttributes()
$checkuser =user_field_data::model()->findByAttributes(
$attributes = array('user_id'=>Yii::app()->user->user_id, 'field_id'=> $fieldid));
第三种当没有conditions时候,不用params
$user_field_data=user_field_data::model()->findAllByAttributes(
$attributes = array('user_id'=> ':user_id'),
$condition = "field_id in(:fields)",
$params = array(':user_id'=>Yii::app()->user->user_id, ':fields'=> "$rule->dep_fields"));
// find the first row using the specified SQLstatement
$post=Post::model()->findBySql($sql,$params);
例子
user_field_data::model()->findBySql("selectid from user_field_data where user_id = :user_id and field_id =:field_id ", array(':user_id' =>$userid,':field_id'=>$fieldid));
此时回传的是一个对象
第四种 添加其他条件
http://www.yiiframework.com/doc/api/CDbCriteria#limit-detail
$criteria = newCDbCriteria;
$criteria->select='newtime';//选择只显示哪几个字段要与库中名字相同,但是不能COUNT(newtime) as name这样写
$criteria->join = 'LEFT JOINPost ON Post.id=Date.id';//1.先要在relation函数中增加与Post表的关系语句2.Date::model()->with('post')->findAll($criteria)
$criteria->group ='newtime';
$criteria->limit = 2; //都是从0开始,选取几个
$criteria->offset = 2;// 从哪个偏移量开始
print_r(Date::model()->findAll($criteria));
得到行数目或者其他数目 count
// get the number of rows satisfying thespecified condition
$n=Post::model()->count($condition,$params);
// get the number of rows using the specifiedSQL statement
$n=Post::model()->countBySql($sql,$params);
// check if there is at least a row satisfyingthe specified condition
$exists=Post::model()->exists($condition,$params);
UPDATE
例子:
复制代码 代码如下:

$post=Post::model()->findByPk(10);
$post->title='new posttitle';
$post->save(); // save thechange to database
// update the rows matching the specifiedcondition
Post::model()->updateAll($attributes,$condition,$params);

例子:或者参考上面例子
复制代码 代码如下:

$c=new CDbCriteria;
$c->condition='something=1';
$c->limit=10;
$a=array('name'=>'NewName');
Post::model()->updateAll($a,$c);
// update the rows matching the specifiedcondition and primary key(s)
Post::model()->updateByPk($pk,$attributes,$condition,$params);

例子
复制代码 代码如下:

$profile =profile::model()->updateByPk(
Yii::app()->user->user_id,
$attributes = array('pass' =>md5($_POST['password']), 'role' => 1));
// update counter columns in the rowssatisfying the specified conditions
Post::model()->updateCounters($counters,$condition,$params);

DELETE
例子:
复制代码 代码如下:

$post=Post::model()->findByPk(10);// assuming there is a post whose ID is 10
$post->delete(); // delete therow from the database table
// delete the rows matching the specifiedcondition
Post::model()->deleteAll($condition,$params);
// delete the rows matching the specifiedcondition and primary key(s)
Post::model()->deleteByPk($pk,$condition,$params);
COMPARE

目前可以取出的
1.//$allquestion=field::model()->findAllBySql("selectlabel from field where step_id = :time1 ", array(':time1'=>1));
2. //$criteria=new CDbCriteria;
//$criteria->select='label,options';
//$criteria->condition='step_id=:postID';
//$criteria->params=array(':postID'=>1);
//$allquestion=field::model()->findAll($criteria);
//$allquestion=field::model()->find("",array("label"));
可以与在models文件夹中的 库连接文件relations()函数合用,这样可以联合查询
$criteria=newCDbCriteria;
$criteria->condition='field.step_id=1';
$this->_post=field::model()->with('step')->findAll($criteria);
这样出来的数组里面包含step表中的值,且这个值的条件为step.id=field.step_id
public functionrelations()
{
return array(
'step'=>array(self::BELONGS_TO,'step', 'step_id'),
);
}
关注“神妖网”官方微信,享受更便捷的服务
本页面永久二维码,扫描二维码,可微信浏览或分享。